2017年1月16日 星期一

淺/中/深焙咖啡有什麼不同?

//深焙咖啡有什麼不同?
Coffee roasts are identified by their color: light, medium and dark. Although these are not the most accurate terms for describing different roasts, as some coffees are naturally darker or lighter than others, they are convenient ways to categorize roasts. When purchasing coffee, you should expect different characteristics from a light roast, a medium roast, and a dark roast.
咖啡烘焙的程度取決於外觀呈現的顏色:淺、中或深色,雖然這並非最準確用來判斷焙度的方法,有些咖啡天生會比其他咖啡顏色深一點或淺一點,但這還是最方便判斷焙度的方法。選購咖啡時,你會預期不同焙度的咖啡有其各自的特性。


Light Roasts Retain Most of the Original Coffee Characteristics
淺焙最能保留咖啡豆原始的特性
Light roasts have a light brown, tan, color and lack of oil on the roasted beans. They have the highest acidity and are the brightest of the three roast levels.
淺焙有著淡咖啡色、棕褐色的外觀且烘焙後的豆子油脂較少,是所有焙度中酸質最明顯且最鮮明的咖啡。
The characteristics of different origins are most pronounced in light roasts, as are the qualities of the individual coffee. Much of the taste comes from the original coffee, which is why light roasts are often used for cuppings.
Light roasts are sometimes called Half City, Light City, New England, or Cinnamon roasts.
而不同地區生長的咖啡以淺焙呈現時,最能展現該支咖啡的品質,絕大多數品嘗到的都是咖啡原始的風味,而這也是杯測常用淺焙豆測試的原因。淺焙有時會被稱為半城市、淺城市、新英格蘭或肉桂烘焙
 

Medium Roasts Balance Acidity and Body
中焙具平衡的酸質與醇厚度
A medium roast will have a darker brown color than a light roast and will look richer. Some of the coffee’s oils may be visible on the beans, as well.
At this roast level, the coffee’s qualities begin to give way to the roast’s flavors and aromas, creating a balance between acidity and body. You’ll still be able to taste the original coffee, but the beans’ brightness will be complemented with the fuller body that is introduced by the roasting process.
Medium roasts go by City, Breakfast, Regular, and American roasts.
中焙咖啡較淺焙有著更深褐色的外觀,咖啡的油脂也可能在表面就看得到。這種焙度的咖啡讓烘豆師引出咖啡風味及香氣外,還能平衡酸質與醇厚度,一樣能從中焙咖啡品嘗到咖啡原始的風味,但咖啡鮮明的酸質會因為烘焙過程而被飽滿的醇厚度取代。
中焙又可細分為城市、BreakfastRegular和美式烘焙

Dark Roasts Showcase Bold Bodies and a Richer Taste
深焙呈現出飽滿的醇厚度和濃烈風味
Dark roasts are dark brown, sometimes almost black, in color. They resemble chocolate, if it was shaped like a coffee bean. Oils can be seen on the beans at this point.
深焙有著深褐色甚至接近黑色的外觀,呈現出像巧克力的風味,可以在外觀看到咖啡的油脂。

Oils can be seen on dark roasted beans.
深焙咖啡外觀有豐富的油脂
When drinking a dark roast, you’re almost exclusively tasting notes from the roast. The brightness of light roasts is replaced with body in dark roasts. Because the original coffee’s qualities are mostly lost at this roast level, it’s difficult to pick out the characteristics of a specific coffee’s origin or lot.
Historically, dark roasts have been popular in Europe, giving rise to terms such as Continental, Italian, French, and Spanish roasts. Espresso roasts are also usually dark roasts, which is partly why espresso can stand up to lots of milk and sugar.
當品嘗深焙咖啡時幾乎只能喝到烘焙時產生的風味,咖啡淺焙時的鮮明酸質會被深焙的醇厚度所取代。咖啡在深焙後,其原始風味幾乎會消失,你很難在深焙咖啡中喝到咖啡的地域性風味,或是批次處理的風味特性。
Roast level is largely a personal preference, as each level produces different qualities in the coffee. Knowing whether you prefer light, medium or dark roasts, though, can help you identify new coffees that you might like.
每個人偏好的焙度都很不一樣,不同焙度呈現出咖啡不同的特性,知道這些可以幫助你更了解不同性質的咖啡,無論你偏好的是淺//深焙。

Try a Driftaway Coffee subscription that starts with a tasting kit, and includes four different coffees with different roast levels. We believe tasting is the best way to figure out which coffees (and roast levels) you like!
可以試試看不同種咖啡搭配不同的焙度,嘗試後才能知道什麼是你喜歡的焙度的咖啡!

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